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A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-taking in Conversation

Harvey Sacks, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson

The organization of taking turns to talk is fundamental to conversation, as well as to other speech-exchange systems.  A model for the turn-taking organization for conversation is proposed, and is examined for its compatibility with a list of grossly observable facts about conversation.  the results of the examination suggest that, at least, a model for turn-taking in conversation will be characterized as locally managed, party-administered, interactionally controlled, and sensitive to recipient design.  Several general consequences of the model are explicated, and contrasts are sketched with turn-taking organizations for other speech-exchange systems.
Sacks, H., E. Schegloff, & G. Jefferson 1974 A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-taking in Conversation. In Language 50/??: 696-735.

Key points relevant to the study of filled pauses


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